Pulmonology is a medical speciality that deals with diseases involving the respiratory tract. The term is derived from the Latin word pulmō, pulmōnis (“lung”) and the Greek suffix -logia (“study of”). Pulmonology is synonymous with pneumology (from Greek (“lung”) and), respirology and respiratory medicine. Pulmonology is known as chest medicine and respiratory medicine in some countries and areas. Pulmonology is considered a branch of internal medicine, and is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation.
Pulmonologists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and complicated chest infections.
In Canada medicine chest has a related, symbolic meaning. Under the terms of Treaty 6 between the Canadian government and several bands of First Nations people (“Indians”), the government was required to supply eachIndian reserve with a medicine chest. This has been interpreted as an ongoing responsibility for the government to provide healthcare to First Nations people.